Finance is a very broad term, encompassing many different activities. There are various fields of finance including taxation, economics, business, personal, lending, etc. In common, however, finance is applied to managing money in an organized manner. This includes investing in stock markets, bonds, futures, options, commodities, etc.
The study of finance is necessary for a wide variety of decisions to be made about investment, whether it is for business or private use. Finance can help in allocating capital into the most feasible projects and industries. It also makes use of financial instruments such as securities, derivatives, insurance, bonds, and loans to finance the transfer of resources from other investments. All forms of financial transactions are covered under this broad field, which makes it highly diverse.
The study of finance can be categorized into three main heads. These include private financial activity, corporate finance, and public financial activity. Private financial activities include saving, borrowing, and investment; corporate finance includes buying, selling, leasing, and fundraising; while public financial activities include running debts, insuring, and borrowing. All the three have a role to play in the overall economic system.
Accounting is one of the oldest forms of financial activity and has a vital role in any system. While finance is very important, accounting has to be well monitored and controlled to ensure that it does not affect the capital structure of the small business. The accounting records of a company should contain all the financial transactions of the company. Proper accounting methods are required for recording the expenses and revenue of a small business, to ensure accurate results.
The concepts of public finance, corporate finance, and personal finance are interrelated and very much related. Public finance is needed by governments at both the national and regional level to ensure better distribution of wealth. It involves the collection of taxes from individuals and the use of those funds for the betterment of society. Corporate finance refers to the investments made by private companies in order to generate profits, through borrowing funds from other companies, and ultimately using the profits to finance their own projects and activities.
Small business must perform accounting, corporate finance, and financial planning in order to properly manipulate and control their capital structure. This will enable them to determine where to invest their funds in order to achieve maximum growth. Proper financial planning allows a company to maximize its growth potential and avoid any costly mistakes. Any business large or small should perform these three functions in order to remain solvent. The best way to achieve this goal is to use an accounting service that can provide you with professional expertise and advice.